Charted Thinking

A lot of analysis goes into breaking down economies, sectors and value chains to drive our project development
A selection of our favourite charts shows how we create insights and make decisions:
Uganda has a big Arabica opportunity in the west


Coffee production in Uganda by grade (60 kg bags)

UG Coffee by Grade.JPG

Source: Ugandan Coffee Development Authority (UCDA)

This chart shows the products Malawi is exporting to the world.


Not only are almost all exports basic agricultural products, but most is tobacco.


Malawi, like many other African Countries, has a very low score of economic complexity. This is a measure of the productive capacities of cities, regions, countries linked to their inherent knowledge.


Diversification beyond this narrow set of products will be essential for the country’s social and economic growth.

South Africa is critically under-performing its peers


Development outcomes in mining-intensive countries (HDI and income)

Source: GapMinder, UN, World Bank

Malawi is trapped in cash-crop dependency


Malawi's exports by type,

(% of total), 2017


Source: Atlas of Economic Complexity, Scaled Impact Analysis

Coal's development effect makes it hard to cut

Top 25 countries by the CO2 and coal intensity of their economies, 2017

CO2 intensity of GDP

CO2 Intensity.PNG

% of power generation from coal

Source: World Bank, BP Statistical Review of World Energy (2018), Eurostat

Circle size = total CO emissions

The development of Asian economies raised millions of people out of poverty. Much of this was driven by low cost coal-fired power generation

The biggest challenge in mitigating climate change is to rapidly convert these still developing economies with high levels of CO2 per dollar of GDP to low carbon economies.

Countries already in transition like Japan and Germany are wrestling with the effects of shutting down nuclear power and compensating with coal, gas or both

South Africa is critically under-performing its peers


Development outcomes in mining-intensive countries

(HDI and income), 1990 - 2015



Income USD, PPP

Source: GapMinder, UN, World Bank

Comparing countries with mining-intensive economies shows some good development results since 1990

Ghana, Peru and Chile broke out of poor or poorer status, to reach middle income or beyond

South Africa is an outlier to the strong correlation between income growth and improving HDI. To change this it will have to address its high inequality

The non-moving very poor countries are hampered by poor governance

The top half of this chart shows single-origin, premium coffees grown in the east of Uganda

These coffees sell into premium export markets 

The bottom dark blue block is unwashed "Drugar" Arabica from the west

With acute quality problems the unwashed coffee sells at major discounts, or not at all

The opportunity is to convert Drugar to washed coffee and capture the quality premium